DOL Rescinds 2020 Rule on FLSA Joint Employer Determinations

JOINT EMPLOYER FLSAOn July 29, 2021, the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) officially announced that it is rescinding its 2020 FLSA Joint Employer Determination Rule (the 2020 Rule), effective Sept. 28, 2021. The DOL had previously proposed rescinding the rule in March 2021.

Joint employment or co-employment situations arise when two or more organizations share the control and supervision of one or more employees. Joint employers are equally and individually responsible for compliance with labor and employment laws, including the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).

The DOL makes joint employment determinations to prevent scenarios where one employer uses another as a “shield” to avoid compliance obligations.


According to the DOL, rescinding the 2020 Rule was necessary because its tests for joint employment contradict longstanding agency interpretations and court rulings. For example, while the 2020 Rule requires using a 4-part test that focuses on an employer’s exercise of control, “all courts consistently use a totality-of-the-circumstances economic realities approach to determine the scope of joint employment under the FLSA,” according to the DOL.

The DOL also considered the fact that a federal court had already vacated most of the 2020 Rule in September 2020. In that case, the court held that the rule deviated from prior guidance without explaining why.


Employers should continue to comply with the 2020 Rule until its rescission takes effect on Sept. 28, 2021. After that date, employers should look to agency guidance and court rulings for direction on using the totality of circumstances to determine joint employment status under the FLSA.

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